Agriculture Department,

Uttar Pradesh

Pardarshi Kisan Seva Yojna,

Kisan ka Adhikar Kisan ke Dwaar

Soil Testing

Soil Testing

When

  • After harvesting or when the crop is standing.
  • Once in every three year before the on set of crop season.
  • When moisture in soil is least.

Why

  • To know the problems in the soil arises due to intensive farming.
  • Indicator of availability of different nutritive elements in the soil.
  • Estimation of requirement of nutrient in crop to be sown.
  • More profit by balanced fertilizer management.

How

  • Prepare 6 inch deep pits in “v” shape at approximately 8-10 places in 1 acre area.
  • Take a joint sample of ½ kg. by mixing soil of all part of the field.
  • Separate gravels, grass etc. from the sample soil.
  • Fill the dry sample in cloth bag and mention details of farmer’s name, address, khasara number, mobile number, Adhar number and crop to be sown.
  • Send the sample to laboratory or test himself by ‘Parakh’ Soil Testing Kit.

Classification of Nutritive Element required for plants

Different part of the plants grew by absorbing water and nutritive element from the soil, Carbon Di Oxide from air and light energy from sun. In view of the requirement of nutritive elements of the plant, it is classified as follows:

Primary Nutritive Element - Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potash.
Secondary Nutritive Element - Calcium, Magnesium and Sulphur.
Micro Nutritive Element- Iron, Zinc, Copper, Magnese, Molybdenum, Boron and Chlorine.