Agriculture Department,

Uttar Pradesh

Pardarshi Kisan Seva Yojna,

Kisan ka Adhikar Kisan ke Dwaar

Soil Health

Question: What is soil health?

Answer:

  • Soil health means that the soil contains all the essential nutritive elements (Material, Primary and Micro-nutrient) in sufficient quantity and water retaining capacity so that maximum production can be taken.
  • Question: What is soil health card?

    Answer:

  • Soil health card is soil testing report given to the farmers for every land holding. Soil health card is made available to the farmers after testing of soil on 12 parameter(pH, EC, Fossil Carboh,Nitrogen,Phosphate,Potash,Sulphur,Zinc,Iron,Copper,Magnese and Boron)
  • Question: How the farmers can use soil health card?

    Answer:

  • In soil health card, the farmers will be suggested to use chemical fertilizers, organic manure and bio-fertilizers on the basis of status of nutritive elements found in testing of soil. The farmer will also be informed about the fertilizers and its quantity.
  • Question: What is the right time of taking sample?

    Answer:

  • Sample is taken before sowing in Rabi, Kharif and Jaid when the field is vacant.
  • Question: How to take the sample?

    Answer:

  • Taking sample correctly is very important which is tested for determination of fertilizers. This is a representative sample of a large part of field. Half kg. Soil is taken for sample (collected from different part of field).
  • Question: What is the method of collecting sample?

    Answer:

  • Different methods of collecting samples are as follows:
    • Collect the soil with the help of Khurpa , 2.5 cm. layer from the walls of the pit dug of 6x4x 6 inches (15 cm.) deep at 8-10 places in the field/grid from where sample is to be taken.
    • Mix the soil taken from different parts of the field in a clean cloths/papers/utensil. Make a heap of soil and divide into 4 parts. Throw 2 parts and mixed the remaining 2 well make the heap again and repeat the same process. Do the same process till the quantity of soil is reduced to ½ kg. Fill the soil in a clean bag.
    • Take 2 labels. Write the name of the farmer, geo-status (latitude and longitude), name of the village, identification mark of field, khasra number, adhar number, mobile number, area, name of block, tehsil and district etc. on the label. Keep one label inside the bag and tie other with the bag from outside. At the time of sending sample, it is also necessary to be mentioned that which crop is to be taken from the field so that the recommendations of the fertilizers can be made accordingly.