Agriculture Department,

Uttar Pradesh

Pardarshi Kisan Seva Yojna,

Kisan ka Adhikar Kisan ke Dwaar

Surveillance

Proceeding of meeting of state level Pest Surveillance and Advisory Unit held on 21.10.2016

Meeting of Pest surveillance and advisory Unit at state level held on 21.10.2016 at 11.00 AM in forenoon in the chamber of Additional Deputy Director (Farm Protection), Uttar Pradesh with the consent of Director, Agriculture in which following members participated.

At head level, Dr. Kanis Fatima, Deputy Director, Agriculture (Farm protection) also participated in the meeting.

Status of Insect/Disease Menace

In the meeting, detailed discussion was held among the agriculture scientist and experts and representatives of progressive farmers about the timely control of insects / disease in crop sown mainly in Kharif along with horticulture and vegetables. The in formations made available, recommendations of the meetings are given below:

Paddy

Shri Rajesh Kumar Dwivedi, Representative of Progressive Farmers informed that there is problem of Smut disease in paddy in some area.

In reference to above, Dr. Neerja Agrawal suggested separating the infected plants and destroying it by pressing in the earth. In addition to this, Dr. Agrawal also informed that the seed should be sown after treating it with 2 gm. Carbandism 50% W.P. per kg seed to protect it from disease.

For safe storage, Dr. L.P. Awasthi informed that the grains of paddy should be properly dried after harvesting and threshing so that the moisture content is not more than 10%.

Gram/Lentil (Masoor)/Peas

Dr. L.P. Awasthi suggested sowing after treating the seeds with 4 gm. Trichoderma bio pesticides per kg. Seed to control seed borne disease.

For chemical treatment of seed, treat with mixture of2gm.Thirum 75% and 1gm.Carbandagim 50% per kg. Seed followed by treatment with Rhizobium culture and then sow the seeds.

Rye/Mustard

Dr. Umesh Chandra suggested sowing after treatment of seed with 2.5 gm. Thirum 75% per kg seed.

For chemical treatment of seed, treat with 3 gm. mixture of2gm.Thirum 75% and 1gm.Carbandagim 50% per kg. Seed followed by treatment with Rhizobium culture and then sow the seeds.

Wheat

Dr. L.P. Awasthi suggested that it is time for sowing of wheat. Hence seed and soil must be treated to protect from seed borne and soil borne diseases.

Deputy Director (Farm Protection), Head Office discussed in detail and informed that the 26 % crop is destroyed due to disease menace. Hence seed and soil must be treated before sowing to protect from it.

Deputy Director (Farm Protection), Head Office informed that campaign for 100% seed and soil treatment is being implemented by Department of Agriculture under 5 revenue villages has been selected in each block. In each revenue village, 100% seed treatment campaign and soil treatment in minimum 50 hectare area is to be done for which 75% grant is proposed to be given to the farmers on seed treatment chemical and bio-pesticides for soil treatment through different ecological resources under pest/disease control scheme.

Vegetables

Potato

Dr. Mithilesh Kumar Arya informed that at present, potato is being sown. He suggested to sow disease resistance variety and certified seed.

For this, Dr. Arya informed that Joint Director, Agriculture, Potato Research Institute, Modiouram, Meerut can be contacted to get certified seed and seeds of progressive variety can be obtained.

Tomato

Dr. K.K. Pandey informed that planting of tomato is in process. Hence, he suggested soaking roots of the plant for 10-15 minutes in 1.00 ml Emidacloprid 17.8% solution dissolved in 1 liter water and planting it after treatment with salary prepared by mixing Trichoderma bio-pesticides with compost to protect from main disease of tomato-Leaf curling and Root Rot.

Brinjal

Dr. K.K. Pandey suggested that anterior infected part of the shoot should be clipped and destroy it by burying it in the soil followed by spray of 1.00 ml Emidacloprid 17.85 solution dissolved in 2-3 liter water per hectare as needed at an interval of 10-15 days. He also suggested using 1 Foramen trap per 10 sq. meters for biological control of insects.

Chili

Shri Ram Kirat Mishra, Representative of progressive farmers informed about mosaic disease in Shimla Mirch.

Dr. Mithilesh Kumar informed that Insect Thrips spreads this disease. He suggested spraying 3 gm. soluble sulphur dissolved in 1 liter water 2-3 times at an interval of 10-15 days.

Cauliflower/Cabbage

Dr. Mithilesh Kumar suggested to plant after treatment of roots of the plant with 100 ppm of Streptomycin sulphate to protect from Black rot.

Vegetables of Pumpkin category

Dr. Neeraja Agrawal informed about the problem of gummosis and suggested to spray 1 gm. Carbandasim 50% w.p. dissolved in 1 liter water as needed at an interval of 10-15 days if the problem is grave.

Sugarcane

Dr. L.P. Awasthi suggested that only disease resistant variety should be used. If the red color appears at the cut end or at knot (seed for planting), these setts should not be used.

Dr. Neerja Agrawal suggested soaking the setts (piece of sugar cane) in 25 solution of Carbandasim 50% solution for 5-10 minutes and then plant.

Horticulture

Dr. Neerja Agrawal suggested that for biological control of fruit insects of mango, guava and papaya etc. treat a piece of plywood of 5x5x1.5 mm with Methyl Unilol+ Methyl Alcohol+ Malathione 50% E.C. in the ratio of 4:6:1 and put in the field.

Other Subjects

Deputy Director, Agriculture (Farm Protection) informed that the Government of India has directed in a video-conferencing that remains of crop is not to be burnt after harvesting. Dr. Mithilesh Kumar demonstrated the Ferro men trap and suggested its use for biological control of insects. Dr. Neerja Agrawal suggested using light trap in the evening up to 9 p.m.

The meeting was over with vote of thanks at the end of the meeting. Next meeting of state level pest surveillance and advisory unit is proposed to be held on 18.11.2016 at 11.00 A.M. in the forenoon.